January 21, 2022

U.S. Census Releases New Population Estimates For Cities and Towns

From the U.S. Census:

Today, the U.S. Census Bureau released its latest population estimates for cities and towns, and they reveal that most of the nation’s population live in incorporated places.

Of the nation’s 328.2 million people, an estimated 206.9 million (about 63%) lived in an incorporated place as of July 1, 2019. About 76% of the approximately 19,500 incorporated places had fewer than 5,000 people. Of those, almost 42% had fewer than 500 people.

The 15 Fastest-Growing Large Cities

On the other hand, only 4.0% (780) of all cities had a population of 50,000 or more in 2019, yet nearly 39% of the U.S. population (127.8 million) live in those cities.


  • Overall, between the last census on April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2019 estimates, large cities in the South – places with a population of 50,000 or more – grew at a faster pace than in any other U.S region.

The 15 Fastest-Growing Large Cities

Since 2010, the population in large southern cities increased by an average of 11.8%. The big cities in the West grew by an average of 9.1%. In contrast, large cities in the Northeast and Midwest had lower rates of growth of 1.5% and 3.1% respectively.

  • On average, small cities and towns, with populations of less than 5,000 people, have seen uneven growth across U.S. regions:

In the Northeast, small towns decreased by 3.0%.

In the Midwest, small towns decreased by 1.7%.

In the South, small towns grew by 6.7%.

In the West, small towns saw the largest growth with an increase of 13.3%.

Housing Unit Percentage Change:  2018 to 2019 in Historical Context

  • Midsized cities in the Northeast – places with populations of at least 5,000 but less than 10,000 people – saw relative stability with a small average decline of 0.9% since the 2010 Census.

Midsized cities in the other regions experienced population growth, on average.

For the first time, rankings for the fastest-growing cities and towns in each state are available at your fingertips through a data visualization.

By clicking on a state, you can discover its fastest-growing cities and towns since April 1, 2010 (up to 15 cities and towns for larger states).

Direct to Complete News Release, More Highlights

Summary Tables (.xls)

Direct to All Data Tables

About Gary Price

Gary Price (gprice@mediasourceinc.com) is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at Ask.com, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.