March 20, 2018

Opinion: “The Peer Reviewers’ Openness Initiative: Incentivizing Open Research Practices Through Peer Review”

The following op/ed was published in Royal Society Open Science.

Incentivizing Open Research Practices Through Peer Review

Richard D. Morey
Cardiff University

Christopher D. Chambers
Cardiff University

Peter J. Etchells
Bath Spa University

Christine R.Harris
University of California, San Diego

Rink Hoekstra
University of Groningen

Daniël Lakens
Eindhoven University of Technology

Stephan Lewandowsky
University of Bristol
University of Western Australia, Perth

Candice Coker Morey
University of Edinburgh

Daniel P.>Newman
Monash University

Felix D. Schönbrodt

Wolf Vanpaemel
KU Leuven

University of Amsterdam

Rolf A. Zwaan
Erasmus University


Royal Science Open Science
3: 150547


Openness is one of the central values of science. Open scientific practices such as sharing data, materials and analysis scripts alongside published articles have many benefits, including easier replication and extension studies, increased availability of data for theory-building and meta-analysis, and increased possibility of review and collaboration even after a paper has been published. Although modern information technology makes sharing easier than ever before, uptake of open practices had been slow. We suggest this might be in part due to a social dilemma arising from misaligned incentives and propose a specific, concrete mechanism—reviewers withholding comprehensive review—to achieve the goal of creating the expectation of open practices as a matter of scientific principle.

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Gary Price About Gary Price

Gary Price ( is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.