Audio and Video: BBC Launches Election and Poltical Coverage Archive
In a joint project the BBC and the University of Sussex have today unveiled a new archive site that gives the public a fascinating insight into the BBC’s coverage of elections since its inception in 1922.
The archive, which can be viewed at bbc.co.uk/historyofthebbc/elections contains a wealth of video footage – including footage of every General Election since the BBC first introduced televised coverage of elections in 1950. There are never-seen-or-heard-before video and audio clips with key BBC figures and senior politicians including Harold Wilson and Tony Benn. As well as video and audio, the site includes downloadable written archive documents, some of which have been made available for the first time. New interviews with key figures in the history of election broadcasting (such as Sir David Butler) have also been added to the site.
Apart from election coverage, the site includes pages on the development of the political interview, the broadcasting of Parliament, and the history of party political broadcasts.
This election archive is the first site to be unveiled as part of the 100 Voices That Made The BBC project – an oral history of the BBC produced in collaboration by the BBC and the University of Sussex. The project will be completed in 2022, the year of the Corporation’s centenary, and further content will be added on other subjects over the next seven years.
Some highlights of the Election site include:
Grace Wyndham Goldie talks about the invention of the TV election night coverage in 1950: how she drew out the plans for the first programme on a table cloth over lunch one day.
Sir Robin Day describes in his inimitable style how he prepares his interviews with major politicians (a style that earned him the moniker of the ‘Grand Inquisitor’). Hear too John Cole’s very different approach.
Newly available conference papers from 1958 reveal the debate around coverage of election campaigns by broadcasters (up to that date The representation of the peoples Act made it impossible to cover election campaigns on TV or radio).
Footage is made available from the 1964 election result at Smethwick, following a hugely controversial campaign which had contained allegations of racist smears. The seat was taken by Conservative candidate Peter Griffiths against the national swing to Labour.
Willie Whitelaw talks about party political broadcasts and how he believed that they have very little impact.
There were problems within the BBC agreeing how coverage of early elections would work. BBC News staff refused access to the News tele-printers, carrying election results, to Radio and Television staff. Only fully trained journalists (ie News staff) it was reasoned, could be trusted not to make a mistake.
Harold Wilson speaks about how he asked for an episode of Steptoe and Son moved on the night of the 1964 vote, because he feared it would affect turnout. Sir Hugh Greene speaks about the BBC’s response to this request.
Margaret Douglas talks about the challenge of putting TV cameras into the Houses of Parliament
Also featured are copies of the election editions of every Radio Times since 1922. The 1929 edition has a chart so listeners can fill in their own scores as the results are read out. The 1931 and 1935 editions contain notes reminding listeners not to ring the BBC to ask for the results.
About Gary Price
Gary Price (firstname.lastname@example.org) is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. He earned his MLIS degree from Wayne State University in Detroit. Price has won several awards including the SLA Innovations in Technology Award and Alumnus of the Year from the Wayne St. University Library and Information Science Program. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at Ask.com.