May 16, 2022

Conference Paper: Linked Data Approaches in The European Library and Europeana

The following paper was presented at an IFLA 2014 Satellite Meeting, “Linked Data in Libraries: Let’s make it happen!” held at the BnF in Paris on August 14, 2014.


Linking Libraries in The European Library and Europeana


by Valentine Charles
Europeana Foundation and The European Library

Nuno Freire
The European Library

Antoine Isaac
Europeana Foundation


Web Site: IFLA 2014 Satellite Meeting: Linked Data in Libraries: Let’s make it happen!


The European Library and Europeana have both an extensive experience in aggregating metadata for bibliographical records or digital resources from the cultural heritage institutions of Europe. For both of them meeting the challenge is offered by multilingual and heterogeneous data is an ongoing effort.

The growth of the Semantic Web and the more generalised publication of knowledge organisation systems as linked open data offer the possibility to make these services truly multilingual.

This paper shows how The European Library and Europeana exploit the semantic relations and translations offered by knowledge organisations systems in order to solve the problem of data integration at a European scale. It also demonstrates the potential of Linked Open vocabularies for enabling multilingual search and retrieval services.

Direct to Full Text Paper (10 pages; PDF)

See Also: Additional Papers from  “Linked Data in Libraries: Let’s make it happen!”

About Gary Price

Gary Price ( is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.