May 24, 2022

Acquisitions: University of Illinois Library Acquires Archives of Acclaimed Author Gwendolyn Brooks

From the U. of Illinois News Service:

The University of Illinois Rare Book and Manuscript Library has acquired the literary archives of Gwendolyn E. Brooks, the first African-American to win a Pulitzer Prize and the poet laureate of Illinois for the last 32 years of her life, until her death in 2000.

The archives, which had been kept by Brooks’ daughter Nora Brooks Blakely, comprise more than 150 boxes stuffed with manuscripts, drafts, revisions, correspondence, scrapbooks, clippings, homemade chapbooks in which Brooks neatly handwrote her earliest (unpublished) poems, and heavy bronze awards ensconced in velvet-lined boxes collected later in her career.

Brooks kept a meticulous record of everything she ate, and occasionally added verse fragments, grocery shopping lists and notes about news. | Photo by L. Brian Stauffer

Valerie Hotchkiss, the director of the rare book library, said the archives provide a window into the writer’s creative process. “To have the papers of Gwendolyn Brooks – a compelling voice in American poetry – will help us better understand her poetry, its influences and the times in which she lived,” Hotchkiss said. “It will be thrilling for students to see the author’s hand and to get insight into her creativity through her papers.”

Brooks was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1950 for “Annie Allen,” her second published book of verse (her first was the critically acclaimed “A Street in Bronzeville”), chronicling the musings of an African American girl as she grows into womanhood. The centerpiece, “The Anniad,” is a 43-stanza mock epic poem in which Brooks demonstrated her technical facility across the spectrum of poetic forms. Over her lifetime, she had more than 25 books published, including one book of fiction, “Maud Martha,” and several books of prose. Today, she may be best known as the poet who wrote “We Real Cool,” a brief verse that has become a popular audio track on YouTube.


Scholars hoping to research Brooks’ archives will need to exercise a bit of patience. Dennis Sears, a curatorial specialist at the Rare Book and Manuscript Library, said the task of processing all 150 boxes will require about 25 hours of work per cubic foot. It’s a job the library staff will enjoy.

“It will be a treasure trove for researchers,” Hotchkiss said.

Read the Complete Announcement and Learn More About the Life of Gwendolyn Brooks

About Gary Price

Gary Price ( is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.