From a NISO Announcement:
The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) announces the publication of a new American National Standard, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012. JATS provides a common XML format in which publishers and archives can exchange journal content by preserving the intellectual content of journals independent of the form in which that content was originally delivered. In addition to the element and attribute descriptions, three journal article tag sets (the Archiving and Interchange Tag Set, the Journal Publishing Tag Set, and the Article Authoring Tag Set) are part of the standard. While designed to describe the textual and graphical content of journal articles, it can also be used for some other materials, such as letters, editorials, and book and product reviews.
“Since its initial release, the Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite has been widely popular,” said B. Tommie Usdin, President of Mulberry Technologies, Inc. and Co-chair of the NISO JATS Working Group. “The format is being used to tag thousands of journals worldwide and is used for the journal archives at PubMed Central and Portico and by the online publisher HighWire Press. The Library of Congress and the British Library have announced their intention to use these models for archiving electronic content.”
“Taking JATS through the NISO standardization process will bring awareness of the Tag Suite to a larger and more varied audience,” explained Jeffrey Beck, NCBI Technical Information Specialist at the National Library of Medicine and Co-chair of the NISO JATS Working Group. “We expect this wider audience will find uses for the Tag Suite in new applications, beyond its traditional uses in journal publishing and archiving.”
Read the Complete Announcement