October 17, 2017

Reference Roundup: A Selection of New Research and Data-Rich Reports Available on the Open Web

Ed. Note:This roundup is currently being curated. New items are added daily. The most recent completed roundup includes more than 100 items and can be accessed here.

The Latest

State of Antarctic Penguins Report 2017 (via Oceanites)
8 pages; PDF.

New Research Report: The State of Internet Censorship in Indonesia (via Open Observatory of Network Interference (OONI) & Sinar Project

New Report: Wildlife Cybercrime in China: E-commerce and Social Media Monitoring in 2016 (via TRAFFIC)
Summary/News Release ||| Direct to Full Text Report (12 pages; PDF)

Worldwide Threat Assessment
Statement for the Record
Lt Gen Vincent Stewart
Director, Defense Intelligence Agency
Senate Armed Services Committee
May 23, 2017
30 pages; PDF. 

Report, Charts, Tables: Federal Environmental Prosecutions Fall to Record Low (via Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC/Syracuse University)

The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during the first six months of FY 2017 the government reported 152 new environment prosecutions. If this activity continues at the same pace, the annual total of prosecutions will be 304 for this fiscal year. According to the case- by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), this estimate would be the lowest ever recorded since the Justice Department started tracking its environmental prosecutions over two decades ago.

Fiscal Year 2016 Entry/Exit Overstay Report (via Dept. of Homeland Security)
50 pages; PDF.

This report analyzes the overstay rates to provide a better understanding of those who overstay and remain in the United States beyond their period of admission with no evidence of an extension to their period of admission or adjustment to another immigration status. DHS has determined that there were 50,437,278 in-scope nonimmigrant admissions to the United States through air or sea POEs who were expected to depart in FY 2016, which represents the majority of annual nonimmigrant admissions. Of this number, DHS calculated a total overstay rate of 1.47 percent, or 739,478 individuals. In other words, 98.53 percent of the in-scope nonimmigrant.

Part of the nonimmigrant population in this year’s report includes visitors who entered on a student or exchange visitor visa, F, M, or J visa, respectively. DHS has determined there were 1,457,556 students and exchange visitors scheduled to complete their program in the United States. However, 5.48 percent stayed beyond their authorized window for departure at the end of their program.

College Enrollment in October 2016 (via BLS)
Note: Detailed data can be accessed in “College Enrollment and Work Activity of 2016 High School Graduates” (via BLS) 

Assessment Report: Internet of Things: Status and Implications of an Increasingly Connected World (via GAO)
78 pages; PDF.

Global Trends in Climate Change Legislation and Litigation
2017 Update
27 pages; PDF.

Published by:

  • The Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP)
  • Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the
  • Environment/London School of Economics
  • Sabin Center/Columbia Law School
  • The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)

Lessons from Russia’s Operations in Crimea and Eastern Ukraine
128 pages; PDF.

From Summary:
This report assesses the annexation of Crimea by Russia (February–March 2014) and the early phases of political mobilization and combat operations in Eastern Ukraine (late February–late May 2014). It examines Russia’s approach, draws inferences from Moscow’s intentions, and evaluates the likelihood of such methods being used again elsewhere.

Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community
Statement for the Record
Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
Daniel R. Coats
Director of National Intelligence

May 11, 2017
32 pages; PDF. 

UK General Election 2017 Timetable (via UK Parliament Library)
Released on April 20, 2016. 3 pages; PDF. 

Global

Artificial Intelligence
Full Text Report: “An Intelligence in Our Image: The Risks of Bias and Errors in Artificial Intelligence (via Rand Corporation) ||| Summary/Recommendations
45 pages; PDF.

Asia

China’s Engagement of North Korea: Challenges and Opportunities for Europe (via SIPRI)
69 pages; PDF.

Brexit

Backgrounder: What Brexit Means (via Council on Foreign Relations)

See Also: Brexit: A Reading List of Post-EU Referendum Publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies (via UK House of Commons Library)
20 pages; PDF. 

See Also:  Brexit: Implications for National Security (via UK House of Commons Library)
24 pages; PDF.

See Also: Legislating for Brexit: EU Directives (via UK House of Commons Library)
263 pages; PDF.

See Also: UK Withdrawal from the European Union: Legal and Procedural Issues (via EU Parliament Research Service)
40 pages; PDF.

See Also: Prime Minister’s letter to Donald Tusk Triggering Article 50
March 29, 2017.

Censorship

The State of Internet Censorship in Thailand (via Open Observatory of Network Interference, et al.)

Climate

“State of Global Climate in 2016″ Report: Climate Breaks Multiple Records with Global Impacts (via World Meteorological Organization)

Crime

Full Text Report: Transnational Crime and the Developing World (via Global Financial Integrity)
168 pages; PDF.

Key findings and background blog post.

Cybersecurity

Verizon 2017 Data Breach Investigations Report
76 pages;  PDF. 10th Annual Report. 

Death Penalty

Death Sentences and Executions 2016 (via Amnesty International)

Direct to Full Text Report
54 pages; PDF.

  • For the first time since 2006, and only the second time since 1991, the United States is not among the world’s five biggest executioners.
  • The fall in executions worldwide is largely driven by drops in Iran (down 42% from at least 977 to at least 567) and Pakistan (73%, from 326 to 87).
  • In sub-Saharan Africa fewer executions were recorded but the number of death sentences more than doubled, largely due to a steep rise in Nigeria.
  • In the Middle East and North Africa the number of executions decreased by 28%, but Iran and Saudi Arabia remained among the top executioners.
  • Two countries abolished the death penalty for all crimes (Benin and Nauru); Guinea abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes only.

Defense

Defence Industries in Arab States: Players and Strategies  (via European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS))
87 pages; PDF. 

Development

World Development Aid 2016 Data Released (via OECD)

EU

First Time Asylum Applications in the EU, 2016
Interactive infographic.

Trade in Goods By Top 5Partners of the EU28, 2016 (via Eurostat)
Interactive infographic.

Food

Global Food Policy Report 2017 (Int. Food Policy Research Institute)
Direct to Data Indicators
Direct to PDF Version of Report

Global Report On Food Crises 2017 (via WFP and FAO)

The Future of Food: Trends and Challenges (via FAO)
180 pages; PDF. ||| Infographic also available.

Health

Iraq Health Profile 2015

Libya Health Profile 2015

President’s Malaria Initiative’s (PMI’s) Eleventh Annual Report to Congress

Somalia Health Profile 2015

Sudan Health Profile 2015

World Malaria Report 2016: Summary (via WHO)

Human Development

United Nations Releases 2016 Human Development Report/Index

Resources Include:

Internet

2017 Internet Security Threat Report, Volume 22 (via Symantec)
Released April 26, 2017.

Recommendations for Action: Bridging the Gender Gap in Internet and Broadband Access and Use (via ITU)

Lobbying

Lobbying Disclosure Laws in Germany, France, UK (via Law Library of Congress)
15 pages; PDF.

Military

Trends In World Military Expenditure, 2016 (via SIPRI)
Released April 24, 2017. 8 pages; PDF.

Also New From SIPRI:

Organized Crime

Issue Brief: Organised Crime and Fragile States African Variations (via European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS))
4 pages; PDF. 

On Tap Europe: Organised Crime and Illicit Trade in Tobacco, Alcohol and Pharmaceuticals (via Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies)

Religion

Global Restrictions on Religion Rise Modestly in 2015, Reversing Downward Trend (via Pew Research)

Science

New Fact Sheet: Women in Science (Global Data)
via UNESCO Institute for Statistics
4 pages; PDF.

Slavery

Full Text Report:The Typology of Modern Slavery (via Polaris)
80 pages; PDF.

The Typology of Modern Slavery, a first-of-its-kind classification system that identifies the 25 main types of human trafficking in the United States.”

“In order to develop this system, our research team analyzed more than 32,000 cases of human trafficking from the National Human Trafficking Hotline and Polaris’s BeFree Textline — the largest data set on trafficking in the U.S. ever compiled and publicly analyzed.

See Also: Introductory Blog Post (via Polaris)

See Also: “Report Identifies 25 Distinct Types of Human Trafficking” (via Forensic Magazine)

Sleep

Research Brief: “Why Sleep Matters: The Economic Costs of Insufficient Sleep” (via RAND Europe)

Syria

“Mapping the Future of Syria: State of Play and Options” (via EU Parliament Research Service)
12 pages; PDF.

Syria Situation Report: March 30 – April 14, 2017 (via Institute for the Study of War)

Resources on Syria and The Russia-Iran Coalition (via Institute for the Study of War)

Terrorism

New Full Text Report: Rolling Back the Islamic State (via RAND Corp.)
297 pages; PDF. Released April 25, 2017.

This report assesses the threat the Islamic State poses to the United States and examines four possible strategies to counter the group: disengagement, containment, rollback “light” (with a reliance on local forces backed by U.S. special operations forces, Central Intelligence Agency and other intelligence assets, and airpower), and rollback “heavy” (adding the employment of American conventional forces in ground combat).

Viticulture

Vineyards in the EU 2015 (via EU Stat)

Water Pollution

Diffuse Pollution, Degraded Waters (via OECD)

Weapons

Illegal Weapons: A Global Guide (via IRIN)

U.S.

Aerospace

FAA FY 2017–2037 Aerospace Forecast (via Federal Aviation Administration)
89 pages; PDF. Downloadable data tables and previously released forecasts are also available.

Arts

New Data Showcase Economic Impact of Arts and Culture in U.S. and States (via Bureau of Economic Analysis)

Multiple Resources Available Including:

+ Summary Blog Post, Charts (via BEA Blog)
Impact of Arts and Culture on U.S. Economy in 2014
National Data for 2012-2014
Data Tables (.xls)
Summary Data Sheets for All 50 States and DC (.zip)
Previously Released Data, Definitions

Aviation

2016 Traffic Data for U.S Airlines and Foreign Airlines U.S. Flights (via BTS)

Direct to Data File (.xls)

Fact Sheet: Aviation Security Enhancements for Select Last Point of Departure Airports with Commercial Flights to the United States
Q&A also available.

National Endowment for the Arts: FAQs on FY 2018 Budget (via NEA)
3 pages; PDF. 

The Rise of the Commercial Threat Countering the Small Unmanned Aircraft System

Business

2017 100 Best Corporate Citizens (via Corporate Responsibility Magazine)
Overview and Methodology ||| Direct to List (6 pages; PDF)

2017 Top 50 Companies for Diversity (DiversityInc Rankings)
Direct to Lists/Rankings ||| Overview Article

Campaign Finance

New Data Analysis and Visualization: PACs Made Up Nearly Half of 2016 Election Spending (via Bloomberg BNA)

Capital Punishment

Statistical Brief and Data Files: Capital Punishment, 2014-2015 (via Bureau of Justice Statistics)
Released on May 4, 2017. Data Files Also Available (zip/csv)

Data Mining

Department of Homeland Security Publishes 2016 Data Mining Report to Congress
Released on April 20, 2017. 77 pages; PDF.

Drones

Local and State Drone Laws (via Center for the Study of the Drone at Bard College)
12 pages; PDF. 

Education

Certification Status and Experience of U.S. Public School Teachers (via NCES)

Indicators of Higher Education Equity in the United States — 2017 Historical
Trend Report (via Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education)
Released April 25, 2017

Who Could Benefit From School Choice? Mapping Access to Public And Private Schools (via Brookings)
8 pages; PDF. 

US: A Quarter Century of Changes in the Elementary and Secondary Teaching Force: From 1987 to 2012 via National Center for Education Statistics)
80 pages; PDF.
Among the findings about changes in the teacher workforce over this 25 year period:

  • The teacher work force grew by 46 percent between 1987-88 and 2011-12. Above average growth was seen among teachers in the fields of English as a Second Language, English language arts, mathematics, foreign language, natural science, and special education. Below-average growth was seen in the fields of general elementary education, vocational-technical education, and art/music.
  • The growth in the teaching force varied across different types of schools. The teaching force in high-poverty public schools grew by nearly 325 percent while the number of teachers in low-poverty schools declined by almost 20 percent. The number of teachers in private schools grew at a higher rate than in public schools. However, private school teachers still account for only about 12 percent of the teacher work force; and
  • The teacher force became more diverse. While minority teachers remain underrepresented in the teaching force, both the number and proportion of minority teachers increased. Between 1987–88 and 2011–12, the number of minority teachers grew by 104 percent, compared to 38 percent growth in the number of White teachers. The percentage of teachers who belonged to all minority groups increased from 12.4 percent in 1987-88 to 17.3 percent in 2011-12.

Energy

U.S. Energy Consumption Rose Slightly in 2016 Despite a Significant Decline in Coal Use (via Energy Information Administration) ||| See Also: Monthly Energy Review

Equality

National Urban League Releases 2017 State of Black America Report
Released May 2, 2017. Multiple resources including National Equality Index available.

FBI

Primary Documents in FBI Director James Comey Firing (via DocumentCloud/Southern California Public Radio)
6 pages; PDF.

  • Letter from President Donald Trump to James Comey
  • Letter from Attorney General to Donald Trump
  • Memorandum From Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein
  • Statement From White House Secretary

Reactions From Members of U.S. Congress

Senate

For MANY more statements from members of Congress, see this compilation from ProPublica

Grants

Resources for Grantseekers (Congressional Research Service via EveryCRS)
11 pages; PDF
||| HTML version also available.
Updated May 28, 2017; RL34012
“This report describes key sources of information on government and private funding, and outlines eligibility for federal grants.”

Government Ethics

Legal Advisory/Guidance on Executive Order 13770 (via U.S. Office of Government Ethics)
3 pages: PDF. 

Health and Health Care

Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975–2014, Featuring Survival (via Journal of the National Cancer Institute)

Cost Estimate: H.R. 1628, the American Health Care Act, Incorporating Manager’s Amendments 4, 5, 24, and 25 (via CBO)

2016 Foodborne Illness Data (via FoodNet/CDC)

What Could a Medicaid Per Capita Cap Mean for Low-Income People on Medicare? (via Kaiser Family Foundation)

Immigration

Immigration Court Post-Trump Cases Show No Increase (via TRAC/Syracuse University)
Released on April 21, 2017.

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Declined Detainer Outcome Report (via ICE/DHS)
Fact Sheet also available.

Insurance

Majority of U.S. Counties See Uninsured Rate for the Under Age 65 Population Drop From 2014 to 2015, Census Bureau Reports

The estimated uninsured rate for adults under age 65 decreased in 71.3 percent of the nation’s counties (2,239 counties) from 2014 to 2015, according to new statistics released today from the U.S. Census Bureau.

These findings come from the 2015 Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, which are the only source for single-year estimates of the number of people with health insurance for each of the nation’s 3,141 counties. The statistics are provided by age and sex groups and at income levels that reflect thresholds for state and federal assistance programs. State estimates include health insurance coverage data by race and Hispanic origin.

Today’s release includes a 2015 report that describes demographic and economic differences in health insurance status across states and counties, as well as trends in health insurance coverage. An interactive data and mapping tool is also available. This tool allows users to create and download state and county custom tables, thematic maps and time-trend charts for all concepts available annually for 2006 through 2015.An infographic also available.

Intelligence

Statistical Transparency Report Regarding Use of National Security Authorities
CY2016 report released on May 2, 2017 by Director of National Intelligence (DNI).

Justice

2014 Data Added to the Federal Criminal Case Processing Statistics (FCCPS) Tool on BJS.gov
You can access data on suspects and defendants processed in the federal criminal justice system, including the areas of —

  • federal law enforcement
  • prosecution and courts
  • incarceration.

Federal Justice Statistics, 2013-2014 (via Bureau of Justice Statistics/DOJ)
44 pages; PDF.
Federal Justice Statistics, 2013-2014 (Summary)
Federal Justice Statistics, 2013 – Statistical Tables
Federal Justice Statistics, 2014 – Statistical Tables
Released March 23, 2017

FISA Courts Annual Report 2016 (Report of the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts on Activities of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Courts for 2016) (via USCourts.gov)
Released on April 20, 2017. 4 pages; PDF.

Police Vehicle Pursuits, 2012-2013
Summary ||| Complete Report ||| Data Files (zip/csv)

Police Response to Domestic Violence, 2006-2015
Summary ||| Complete Report ||| Data Files (zip/csv)

Users can also look up data based on title and section of the U.S. Criminal Code. Data are from BJS’s Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center, which compiles comprehensive information describing persons processed in the federal criminal justice system, ranging from arrest to reentry.

Labor

A Profile of the Working Poor, 2015 (via BLS)

Characteristics of Minimum Wage Workers, 2016 (via BLS)

Comparing the Compensation of Federal and Private-Sector Employees, 2011 to 2015 (via Congressional Budget Office (CBO))
Released April 25, 2017. PDF version also available (30 pages).

Foreign-Born Workers: Labor Force Characteristics — 2016 Foreign-Born Workers ||| PDF Version Also Available (14 pages)

The unemployment rate for foreign-born persons in the United States was 4.3 percent in 2016, down from 4.9 percent in 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The jobless rate of nativeborn persons fell to 5.0 percent in 2016 from 5.4 percent in the prior year. Data on nativity are collected as part of the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly sample survey of approximately 60,000 households. The foreign born are persons who reside in the United States but who were born outside the country or one of its outlying areas to parents who were not U.S. citizens.

The foreign born include legally-admitted immigrants, refugees, temporary residents such as students and temporary workers, and undocumented immigrants. The survey data, however, do not separately identify the numbers of persons in these categories.

U.S. Women in the Labor Force: a Databook (via Bureau of Labor Statistics)
PDF version (212 pages).: W

U.S. Women in Management (U.S.) (via Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Data Visualization,

Legal

Challenging Government Hacking in Criminal Cases (via ACLU, EFF, and NACDL)
188 pages; PDF. 

February 2017 Sees Decline in Federal Personal Injury/Product Liability Suits (via TRAC)

Migration

Updated Southwest Border Migration Data  (via Customs and Border Protection/DHS)
April 5, 2016 

Military

Costs of Building a 355-Ship Navy (via Congressional Budget Office)
12 pages; PDF. 

FY 2016 Annual Report on Sexual Assault in the Military (via Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office, U.S. Dept. of Defense)
Released May 1, 2017. 45 pages; PDF. News Release/Summary also available.

Population

New Downloadable Dataset: Estimates of U.S. Population by Age and Sex: April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2016 (via U.S. Census)
Released on April 20, 2016. “…containing estimates of the resident U.S. population by single year of age and sex.”

Privacy (Facial Recognition)

Face Recognition Technology: DOJ and FBI Need to Take Additional Actions to Ensure Privacy and Accuracy (via GAO)
24 pages; PDF. 

Prisons

U.S. Private Prison Population Has Declined in Recent Years (via Pew Research)

Public Health

Trends in Infant Mortality in the United States, 2005–2014 (via NCHS)
PDF version (8 pages) also available. 

Railroads

Railroad Progress on Positive Train Control Implementation (via FRA)
Includes two infographics.

R&D

Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2015-17 ||| Data Tables ||| All Data Tables (.zip)

Federally Funded R&D Centers Rebound to $18.5 Billion in R&D Spending in FY 2015 (via NSF) ||| PDF Version ||| Data Tables

Total Federal Research and Development Funding Down 1% in FY 2015, but Funding for Research Up 1% (via NSF)
Document includes links to download data tables.
PDF version also available.

U.S. Companies Performed $73 Billion in R&D Outside the United States in 2013
Document includes links to download data tables.
PDF version also available.

Taxes

US: Federal Tax Returns: Latest Rankings by County, State and More (via TRAC)

Terrorism

GW Extremism Tracker: Terrorism in the United States  (via Program on Extremism, George Washington University)
March 2016 Update

Trade

USTR (US Trade Representative) Releases 2017 Special 301 Report on Intellectual Property Rights
82 pages; PDF. Released April 28, 2017. Also available, News Release/Report Highlights

Transportation

Highways: 2015 State Statistical Abstract (via FHWA)
53 pages; PDF.

Gary Price About Gary Price

Gary Price (gprice@mediasourceinc.com) is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at Ask.com, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.

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