May 17, 2022

Canada: “The Open Science Dialogues: Summary of Stakeholders Round Tables”

From the Office of the Chief Science Advisor, Government of Canada:

A key mission of academic research is to generate new knowledge and disseminate it. Since their establishment following the printing revolution, scientific journals have become the primary vehicle for knowledge dissemination. Additionally, in some fields scholars share the results of their work in books and monographs. Recruitment and promotion as well as granting and award committees rely heavily on the publication track record in their deliberations. They look at the number of publications, the prestige of the journal or publisher and the impact of the work as evidenced by how often it is cited or used by others. Research data that is not part of such publications has not been historically broadly shared, though there are shifts in some disciplines enabled by digital transformation, supporting infr[Clip\astructure and disciplinary culture.

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Open Science (also known as open scholarship) is the practice of making scientific inputs, outputs and processes freely available to all with minimal restrictions. The benefits of Open Science include increasing access to knowledge, improving reproducibility, reducing duplication, creating opportunities for impact, and accelerating knowledge transfer. Open Science was recognized as a commitment in Canada’s Action Plan on Open Government in 2016. The following year, the position of the Chief Science Advisor of Canada was created with the mandate to “provide advice on the development and implementation of guidelines to ensure that government science is fully available to the public.” As part of the 2018-2020 Action Plan on Open Government, Canada has committed to creating a Roadmap for Open Science. The Roadmap was released in February 2020 by the Chief Science Advisor of Canada and the Honourable Navdeep Bains, former Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development. It articulates a vision, principles and recommendations to make government science fully available to the public. The Office of the Chief Science Advisor (OCSA) has advanced the file across government agencies and science-based departments who have since developed Open Science Action Plans. Among other recommendations, the Roadmap articulates the need for a cohesive Open Science approach for federally-funded Canadian science and suggested consultations with university researchers to be the first step in this process (Recommendation 9). Such consultation was conducted in November 2021 and is the main focus of this document.

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About Gary Price

Gary Price (gprice@mediasourceinc.com) is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at Ask.com, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.

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