May 25, 2022

Research Article (Preprint): “Adoption of the Open Access Business Model in Scientific Journal Publishing: A Cross-Disciplinary Study”

The following research article (preprint) was recently shared on arXiv.


Adoption of the Open Access Business Model in Scientific Journal Publishing: A Cross-Disciplinary Study


Bo-Christer Bjork
Hanken School of Economics, Finland

Timo Korkeamaki
Aalto University, Finland


via arXiv

Note: Accepted manuscript version of an article to be published in the College and Research Libraries Journal (scheduled for the November 2020 issue). CRL is an Open Access journal


Scientific journal publishers have over the past twenty-five years rapidly converted to predominantly electronic dissemination, but the reader-pays business model continues to dominate the market. Open Access (OA) publishing, where the articles are freely readable on the net, has slowly increased its market share to near 20%, but has failed to fulfill the visions of rapid proliferation predicted by many early proponents. The growth of OA has also been very uneven across fields of science. We report market shares of open access in eighteen Scopus-indexed disciplines ranging from 27% (agriculture) to 7% (business).

The differences become far more pronounced for journals published in the four countries, which dominate commercial scholarly publishing (US, UK, Germany and the Netherlands). We present contrasting developments within six academic disciplines. Availability of funding to pay publication charges, pressure from research funding agencies, and the diversity of discipline-specific research communication cultures arise as potential explanations for the observed differences.

Direct to Full Text Article (Preprint)
18 pages; PDF.

About Gary Price

Gary Price ( is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.