May 17, 2022

U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO) Director Advocates For Modernizing Congressional Document Formats at U.S. House of Representatives Hearing

From GPO:

 U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO) Director Hugh Nathanial Halpern proposes modernizing Congressional document formats, which have remained relatively unchanged for the last 150 years, at a hearing before the Committee on House Administration today. Halpern asserted that this 150-year-old format, which consists of small type sizes and tight line spacing, is designed for economy of printing, rather than for readability. The new GPO Director emphasized the need to transition from dense, hard-to-access documents to documents that are readable and accessible on computer screens, phones, and on paper.

“Reexamining the look and feel of Congress’ documents makes sense now that we have the technology to make differences that matter,” said GPO Director Hugh Nathanial Halpern during his testimony. “The end result will be documents that are easier to author, to produce, and to consume. Congress, GPO, and the public can benefit from these changes.”

Halpern emphasized GPO’s new state-of-the-art digital publishing technology XPub, which replaced GPO’s more than 30-year-old MicroComp system. GPO used XPub to produce the most recent edition of the United States Code seven months faster than the previous edition. GPO also invested in six new digital inkjet presses that will vastly enhance GPO’s flexibility to meet its customers’ needs for both large and small jobs.

“With the advent of XPub and the installation of our new digital printing presses, GPO is finally ready to move beyond the constraints of mere printing to a model that focuses on content and is agnostic when it comes to media,” Halpern told the committee. “My hope is that Congress has reached a point where it is ready to partner with GPO to create documents worthy of the 21st century.”

Halpern also reported to the committee a $36.2 million net positive income after all adjustments for the agency. This is the 10th straight year where GPO has finished the fiscal year in the black.

Direct to Prepared Testimony (3 Witnesses)

Laurie Hall
Superintendent of Documents, Government Publishing Office

Hugh Halpern
Director, Government Publishing Office

Mr. Michael P. Leary
Inspector General, Government Publishing Office

Watch the Complete Hearing

About Gary Price

Gary Price ( is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.