May 27, 2022

Reports From the Law Library of Congress Present a Look at “Limits on Freedom of Expression” and “Initiatives to Counter Fake News” in Countries Around the World

Two reports from the Law Library of Congress.

1. Limits on Freedom of Expression

This report examines the scope of protection extended to freedom of speech in 13 selected countries. In particular, the report focuses on the limits of protection that may apply to the right to interrupt or affect in any other way public speech. The report also addresses the availability of mechanisms to control foreign broadcasters working on behalf of foreign governments. The terms “freedom of speech” and “freedom of expression” as used in this report are interchangeable.

Countries covered: Argentina; Brazil;  Canada; China; France; Germany; Israel; Japan; Netherlands; New Zealand; Sweden; Ukraine; United Kingdom

2. Initiatives to Counter Fake News

This report examines the legal approaches of 15 countries, representing all regions of the world, to the emerging problem of manipulation with “fake news” using mass and social media, especially the impact of fake news on ongoing political processes and elections, and the legislative measures undertaken to counteract the dissemination of false information. With the exception of Japan, the widespread distribution of false information and its impact on decision making and democratic processes is becoming a challenge worldwide. The individual country surveys analyze current and proposed initiatives to limit the spread of false information undertaken at the national level, each country’s challenges associated with these efforts, and efforts undertaken by national governments to secure the validity and accuracy of legal information.

Countries covered: Argentina; Brazil; Canada; China; Egypt; France; Germany; Israel; Japan; Kenya; Malaysia; Nicaragua; Russia; Sweden; United Kingdom

See Also: Law Library Reports Address Foreign Initiatives to Counter “Fake News” (via In Custodia Legis)

See Also: Regulation of Artificial Intelligence in Selected Jurisdictions Around the World (via Law Library of Congress)

About Gary Price

Gary Price ( is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.