May 18, 2022

Open, Public, Electronic and Necessary (OPEN) Government Data Act Signed Into Law


Tonight [Jan. 14, 2019], President Trump signed into law the Open, Public, Electronic and Necessary (OPEN) Government Data Act. The bill requires federal agencies to publish government data in machine-readable and open formats, and to use open licenses.

2019-01-15_09-41-49SPARC, which has worked for more than a decade to broaden public access to research, called it a “truly watershed moment for Open Data in the United States.”

“This bill is a huge win for innovation, transparency and openness – and most of all, for taxpayers who fund the data in the first place,” said Heather Joseph, Executive Director of SPARC, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition.

“It will make information generated by the federal government more accessible and transparent to researchers, entrepreneurs, and others who can use it – and in doing so, will generate new services and products, build businesses and create jobs. It’s exactly what we should be doing in a 21st century economy.”

The OPEN Government Data Act, which is included as Title II of the broader Foundations for Evidence-Based Policymaking Act:

  • Makes permanent the federal government’s commitment to open data and codifies a policy of open by default for all government data, including federally-funded research data, while respecting privacy and national security concerns;
  • Calls for government data assets made available by an agency to be machine-readable and under open licenses;
  • Provides crucial definitions of key terminology, including a strong definition of open license requirements, which will help to standardize implementation of open data practices across U.S. agencies;
  • Directs agencies to support innovative uses of government data, adopt consistent data practices across government, and develop best practices for open data; and

See Also: A Huge Win for Open Data in the United States (via SPARC)

See Also: President Signs Government-wide Open Data Bill (via The Data Coalition)

See Also: US signs act that opens government data to the public into law (via Engadget)

About Gary Price

Gary Price ( is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.