January 22, 2022

Research Article: “Gender Differences in Research Areas and Topics: An Analysis of Publications in 285 Fields” (Preprint)

The following research article (preprint) was recently shared by its authors on arXiv.


Gender Differences in Research Areas and Topics: An Analysis of Publications in 285 Fields


Mike Thelwall
University of Wolverhampton

Carol Bailey
University of Wolverhampton

Catherine Tobin
University of Wolverhampton

Noel-Ann Bradshaw
University of Greenwich


via arXiv


Although the gender gap in academia has narrowed, females are underrepresented within some fields in the USA. Prior research suggests that the imbalances between science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields may be partly due to greater male interest in things and greater female interest in people, or to off-putting masculine cultures in some disciplines.

To seek more detailed insights across all subjects, this article compares practising US male and female researchers between and within 285 narrow Scopus fields inside 26 broad fields from their first-authored articles published in 2017.

The comparison is based on publishing fields and the words used in article titles, abstracts, and keywords.

The results cannot be fully explained by the people/thing dimensions. Exceptions include greater female interest in veterinary science and cell biology and greater male interest in abstraction, patients, and power/control fields, such as politics and law. These may be due to other factors, such as the ability of a career to provide status or social impact or the availability of alternative careers. As a possible side effect of the partial people/thing relationship, females are more likely to use exploratory and qualitative methods and males are more likely to use quantitative methods.

Direct to Full Text Article (Preprint)
33 pages; PDF.

See Also: Research Article: Gender and International Diversity Improves Equity
in Peer Review”

About Gary Price

Gary Price (gprice@mediasourceinc.com) is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at Ask.com, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.