January 20, 2022

Conference Paper: “Availability of Cultural Heritage Structured Metadata in the World Wide Web”

The following paper was presented at the 22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing held at the University of Toronto on June 22-24, 2018.


Availability of Cultural Heritage Structured Metadata in the World Wide Web


Nuno Freire
Universidade de Lisboa

Pável Calado
Universidade Técnica de Lisboa

Bruno Martins
Universidade de Lisboa


ELPUB 2018 Conference Proceedings
DOI: 10.4000/proceedings.elpub.2018.20


In the World Wide Web, a very large number of resources is made available through digital libraries. The existence of many individual digital libraries, maintained by different organizations, brings challenges to the discoverability, sharing and reuse of the resources. A widely-used approach is metadata aggregation, where centralized efforts like Europeana facilitate the discoverability and use of the resources by collecting their associated metadata. The cultural heritage domain embraced the aggregation approach while, at the same time, the technological landscape kept evolving. Nowadays, cultural heritage institutions are increasingly applying technologies designed for the wider interoperability on the Web.

This paper presents a study of the current application by cultural heritage data providers of technological solutions in use for making structured metadata available for re-use in the Internet. We investigated the use of both linked data and technologies related with indexing of resources by Internet search engines. We have conducted a harvesting experiment of the landing pages from websites of digital libraries that participate in Europeana, and collected statistics about the usage these particular technologies. These technologies allow for representing structured data within HTML, or for structured data to be referred to by links within HTML or through HTTP headers capabilities. We conclude with a discussion of future work for establishing a solution for cultural heritage aggregation based on the current situation and the available technologies.

Direct to Full Text Article: Availability of Cultural Heritage Structured Metadata in the World Wide Web
12 pages; PDF.

About Gary Price

Gary Price (gprice@mediasourceinc.com) is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at Ask.com, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.