Research Tools/Data: A U. of Texas System and U.S. Census Pilot Project Releases Nationwide Earnings of Graduates of U of Texas (by Program of Study and Institution)
From the University of Texas System:
Salary and debt data for graduates of University of Texas institutions – no matter where they live and work – are now available, thanks to a partnership between The University of Texas System and the United States Census Bureau.
As part of a joint pilot project, the UT System and the U.S. Census Bureau’s Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) program has released national aggregated data of earnings by institution and major for undergraduate, graduate, and professional students alongside student debt for graduates of UT institutions. To ensure privacy, individual student data is not accessible.
The data product, officially called Post-Secondary Employment Outcomes, can be accessed at seekUT™ (seekUT.utsystem.edu), the UT System’s free online tool that until now provided salary and debt data only for graduates living in Texas. In addition to institution and program-level earnings, the data also offer insight to student loan debt across the UT System, which includes 14 institutions and enrolls 230,000 students.
- 92 percent of UT baccalaureate programs system-wide have a debt-to-income ratio of 10 percent or less – one year after graduation. That means estimated student loan payments constitute less than 10 percent of students’ total salary.
- 99 percent of UT baccalaureate programs system-wide have a debt-to-income ratio of 10 percent or less – five years after graduation.
“Ever since a student unit record ban was implemented as part of the Higher Education Act Reauthorization in 2008, a growing number of colleges and universities have been grappling with insufficient data to demonstrate the success of graduates,” Huie said. “The UT System and the U.S. Census Bureau have found an innovative way to deliver this valuable information while keeping the individual information of students strictly confidential.”
The PROSPER Act is seeking to reauthorize and amend the Higher Education Reauthorization Act but does not overturn the current ban on the collection of student-level data. The partnership between the UT System and the U.S. Census Bureau offers an alternative pathway for higher education institutions to access data on post-graduation earnings for degree holders across the country.
The 10-year partnership between the UT System and the U.S. Census Bureau lays the groundwork for other higher education institutions and agencies to form similar partnerships to measure earnings and employment outcomes of their graduates.
“These new tabulations are a good example of how administrative data is being used in innovative ways to better inform the public about educational outcomes in the labor market,” said Andrew Foote, U.S. Census Bureau economist. “Right now, we’re working toward integrating additional higher education systems in the Post-Secondary Employment Outcomes data.”
The partnership also represents the first time a higher education institution has established a collaboration with a federal agency to measure earnings outcomes in order to offer a more in-depth perspective than what is currently available through the U.S. Department of Education’s College Scorecard. For example:
- Graduates vs. non-graduates – The combined data from the U.S. Census Bureau LEHD and UT System provides national earnings data specifically for students who graduated, while the College Scorecard displays earnings for all students, regardless of whether the student graduated, in one aggregate number.
- Federal Aid Recipients vs. All Students – The combined data from the U.S. Census Bureau LEHD and UT System provides earnings for all students, regardless of financial aid status, while the College Scorecard represents earnings only for students who receive federal financial aid. The percentage of students who receive financial aid ranges from 32 to 62 percent across UT institutions, which means a significant number of students are not included in the Scorecard.
- Program Level Data vs. Institutional Level – As reported recently in the brief “Major Matters Most,” earnings vary significantly by program. The UT System and U.S. Census Bureau partnership provides earnings data at the program level of each institution, making it more precise than the Scorecard, which provides earnings only at the institution level.
The next data release from the partnership will explore the flow of graduates into employment as well as the location and industry of those employers, similar to LEHD’s existing Job-to-Job Flows (J2J).
About Gary Price
Gary Price (email@example.com) is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. He earned his MLIS degree from Wayne State University in Detroit. Price has won several awards including the SLA Innovations in Technology Award and Alumnus of the Year from the Wayne St. University Library and Information Science Program. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at Ask.com.