March 8, 2021

Working Paper: “Evidence of Open Access of Scientific Publications in Google Scholar: a Large-Scale Analysis”

The following working paper was posted to arXiv on March 16, 2018.

Title

Evidence of Open Access of Scientific Publications in Google Scholar: a Large-Scale Analysis (Ver. 1.0)

Authors

Alberto Martín-Martín
Universidad de Granada

Rodrigo Costas
Leiden University
DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in Scientometrics and Science, Technology and Innovation Policy

Thed van Leeuwen
Leiden University

Emilio Delgado López-Cózar
Universidad de Granada

Source

via arXiv

Abstract

This article uses Google Scholar (GS) as a source of data to analyse Open Access (OA) levels across all countries and fields of research. All articles and reviews with a DOI and published in 2009 or 2014 and covered by the three main citation indexes in the Web of Science (2,269,022 documents) were selected for study.

The links to freely available versions of these documents displayed in GS were collected. To differentiate between more reliable (sustainable and legal) forms of access and less reliable ones, the data extracted from GS was combined with information available in DOAJ, CrossRef, OpenDOAR, and ROAR. This allowed us to distinguish the percentage of documents in our sample that are made OA by the publisher (23.1%, including Gold, Hybrid, Delayed, and Bronze OA) from those available as Green OA (17.6%), and those available from other sources (40.6%, mainly due to ResearchGate). The data shows an overall free availability of 54.6%, with important differences at the country and subject category levels. The data extracted from GS yielded very similar results to those found by other studies that analysed similar samples of documents, but employed different methods to find evidence of OA, thus suggesting a relative consistency among methods.

Direct to Full Text Article
38 pages; PDF.

About Gary Price

Gary Price (gprice@mediasourceinc.com) is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at Ask.com, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.

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