The following article was recently published online in Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics.
Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics
Online: 02 March 2018
Eugene Garfield’s ideas on citation indexing were gradually shaped over the course of the 1950s by his exposure to the thinking of various individuals such as J. D. Bernal, H. G. Wells, Chauncey Leake, William Adair, and Joshua Lederberg. Two key concepts emerged during this early period which guided his later work: the importance of interdisciplinary or cross-disciplinary research and the notion that references could be used to index the documents they cited. These ideas were the basis for his landmark product the Science Citation Index. However, it took many years for the significance of his early insights to be appreciated and manifested in research studies and products. And in a real sense, we continue to work out the implications of these ideas even today.
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See Also: Other Articles in the Research Topic: In Memory of Eugene Garfield: A Review of His Life and Work