News today from the Mellon Foundation and DPC.
The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Digital Preservation Coalition announced the formation of a Task Force on Technical Approaches for Email Archives. The task force is charged with assessing current frameworks, tools, and approaches being taken toward these critical historical sources.
Christopher Prom, assistant university archivist/Andrew S. G. Turyn Endowed Professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Kate Murray, IT specialist in the Technology Policy Directorate at the Library of Congress, will serve as cochairs of the task force.
Personal correspondence has long served as an essential primary source for historians and scholars across many humanities and social science disciplines. Archives of correspondence articulate authors’ lived experiences. They help future generations understand and learn from history, providing evidence of the functions and activities of governments, businesses, nonprofit organizations, families, and individuals. But today, much of that correspondence is embodied by digital materials, and particularly emails, which have proven themselves far more difficult to gather and preserve in an accessible, approachable format.
“This is a topic of deep concern. Preserved correspondence helps students of the past develop a nuanced understanding of events, much more so than published or other widely circulated sources,” explained Prom.
While archivists, technologists, librarians, and others continue to make progress in capturing, preserving, and providing access to various forms of digital expression, email has remained resistant to a variety of efforts at preservation and is currently not systematically acquired by most archives and libraries. Part of the challenge is that email exists as a complicated interaction of technical subsystems for composition, transport, viewing, and storage. Creating email archives involves multiple processes including acquisition and appraisal of collections, processing records, meeting privacy and legal considerations, preserving messages and attachments, and facilitating access.
“As archives include more born-digital collections, the complex technical issues around preserving email are more prevalent and increasingly important,” said Murray. “The technical issues around email preservation are compounded by the sheer scale of the collections. Many of us have thousands, sometimes tens of thousands, of email messages in our mailboxes. Solutions need to move beyond the boutique and one-off to community supported, large-scale and customizable options.”
The preservation of email thus cannot rely on a single, comprehensive solution, but on the coupling and interaction of a variety of solutions covering the entire range of archival activities, from appraising the research value of email to helping researchers discover and use it.
Recent meetings of specialists in the area of email archives have agreed that the time is right to reexamine and assess current efforts to preserve email. The community needs to articulate a conceptual and technical framework in which these efforts can operate not as competing solutions, but as elements of an interoperable toolkit. The task force will aim to construct a working agenda for the community by focusing on the following three issues: (1) articulating this technical framework, (2) suggesting how existing tools fit within this framework, and (3) beginning to identify any missing elements.
The task force on Technical Approaches for Email Archives is charged to examine these issues over the next 12 months. The task force will then prepare a report of its findings, with recommendations for specific actions that archives could take within five years to create, preserve, and provide access to records of electronic correspondence.
Participants in the task force include experts who are currently employed by Google, Microsoft, Stanford, Harvard, Yale, and Columbia Universities, University of Manchester (UK), the National Archives and Records Administration, Rockefeller Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution Archives, Digital Preservation Coalition, The University of Texas at Austin, University of Arizona, University of Michigan, and Artefactual Systems. They are:
Christopher Prom (cochair)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Kate Murray (cochair)
Library of Congress
University of Manchester
Harvard Library Preservation Services
Task Force Members
Rockefeller Archive Center
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Yale University Library
National Archives and Records Administration
Stanford University Libraries
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Digital Preservation Coalition
The University of Texas at Austin
University of Arizona Libraries
University of Michigan