May 23, 2022

Research Article: “Identifying and Improving Dataset References in Social Sciences Full Texts”

The following research paper (preprint) was recently made available via arXiv.

Identifying and Improving Dataset References in Social Sciences Full Texts


Behnam Ghavimi
GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences
University of Bonn

Philipp Mayr
GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences

Sahar Vahdati
University of Bonn

Christoph Lange
University of Bonn
Fraunhofer IAIS

via arXiv


Scientific full text papers are usually stored in separate places than their underlying research datasets. Authors typically make references to datasets by mentioning them for example by using their titles and the year of publication. However, in most cases explicit links that would provide readers with direct access to referenced datasets are missing.

Manually detecting references to datasets in papers is time consuming and requires an expert in the domain of the paper. In order to make explicit all links to datasets in papers that have been published already, we suggest and evaluate a semi-automatic approach for finding references to datasets in social sciences papers.

Our approach does not need a corpus of papers (no cold start problem) and it performs well on a small test corpus (gold standard). Our approach achieved an F-measure of 0.84 for identifying references in full texts and an F-measure of 0.83 for finding correct matches of detected references in the da|ra dataset registry.


This work has been funded by the DFG project “Opening Schol- arly Communication in Social Sciences” (grant agreements SU 647/19-1 and AU 340/9- 1), and by the European Commission under grant agreement 643410.

Direct to Full Text Article (10 pages; PDF)

About Gary Price

Gary Price ( is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.