From the U.S. Census:
County Business Patterns (CBP) is an annual series that provides subnational economic data by industry. This series includes the number of establishments, employment during the week of March 12, first quarter payroll, and annual payroll. This data is useful for studying the economic activity of small areas; analyzing economic changes over time; and as a benchmark for other statistical series, surveys, and databases between economic censuses. Businesses use the data for analyzing market potential, measuring the effectiveness of sales and advertising programs, setting sales quotas, and developing budgets. Government agencies use the data for administration and planning.
ZIP Code Business Patterns data is available shortly after the release of County Business Patterns. It provides the number of establishments by employment-size classes by detailed industry in the U.S.
These two programs cover most of the country’s economic activity based on establishments, with a few noted exclusions. For more information on the coverage and methodology of CBP, see How the Data are Collected. For information on businesses without paid employees, see Nonemployer Statistics.
Data for 2013 were released in April 2015.
Direct to Zip Patterns Database