May 23, 2022

Study Finds PA’s School Librarians Spread Thin

Update: Streaming video of the hearing discussed in the post below is available online.

Update: A copy of the full text report presented at the hearing is embedded at the bottom of this post.

From WITF:

About 73 percent of the commonwealth’s public schools have taken part in a study that reveals school libraries are hurting for funding and resources.

Mary K. Biagini, a University of Pittsburgh professor who compiled and analyzed the responses to the State Board of Education survey of Pennsylvania’s public school libraries, said 95 percent of responding schools have a library, but only 44 percent of their librarians are full time.

“Many of the librarians are serving multiple schools within their district, so students do not have access to the librarian, and sometimes the library throughout their school days,” said Biagini.


Eileen Kern, president of the Pennsylvania School Librarians Association, told state House lawmakers Wednesday that her group did its own follow-up study during the 2011-2012 school year (the year following the state survey mandated by House legislation passed in 2010).

“We found that an additional 198 schools eliminated or reduced their services from the previous year,” said Kern.  “This amounts to about 100 thousand students with limited access to their library programs over the previous year.”

Read the Complete Article

See Also: Lawmakers hear about school library woes  (via

Mary Kay Biagini, an associate professor at the University of Pittsburgh, presented some of the findings. They included:

  • having certified school librarians and aides emerged as the most critical component of the library program at all levels to increase student academic performance
  • while 1,972 schools had librarians, only 711 worked full time
  • two-thirds of librarians don’t have a designated time to plan with teachers
  • and students in schools where libraries receive higher funding for resources score higher on PSSA reading and writing tests
  • “Students are shortchanged,” Biagini said. “Some librarians cover 10 buildings.”

While state guidelines established in 2011 that schools should spend $41 per pupil for elementary schools; $45 for middle schools and $50 for high schools, a study found that 60 percent of schools provide funding of less than $15 per student for library resources. Only 3 percent of schools have funding above $41.

That same study showed that 128 Pennsylvania public schools don’t have a library, including 103 in Philadelphia.

Pennsylvania School Library Study Findings and Recommendations

About Gary Price

Gary Price ( is a librarian, writer, consultant, and frequent conference speaker based in the Washington D.C. metro area. Before launching INFOdocket, Price and Shirl Kennedy were the founders and senior editors at ResourceShelf and DocuTicker for 10 years. From 2006-2009 he was Director of Online Information Services at, and is currently a contributing editor at Search Engine Land.