From The Scientist:
Eugene Garfield, who launched the field of citation analysis, died yesterday (February 26) in Pennsylvania. He was 91.
“He was an amazing character whose influence on information science, writ large, can’t be underestimated,” H. Carton Rogers III, vice provost and director of libraries at the University of Pennsylvania, where Garfield served as a member of the Libraries’ Board of Overseers, said in a statement emailed to The Scientist. “He will be greatly missed.”
Garfield founded the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) in 1955. In addition to the ISI’s Science Citation Index, a system used to chart connections between pieces of scientific literature that later became accessible electronically via the Web of Science, Garfield launched Current Contents, an early effort that sought to compile important info
Read the Complete Obituary
The Google Angle
Citation indexing in general is discussed in the Sergey Brin and Larry Page seminal paper, The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertext Search Engine” (1998). In another paper co-authored by Page and Brin (along with Rajeev Motwani and Terry Winograd) “The PageRank Citation Ranking: Bringing Order to the Web” (1998) mention and cite Dr. Garfield’s article, “New international professional society signals the maturing of scientometrics and informetrics. The Scientist, 9(16), Aug 1995.”