From the U. of Pennsylvania:
Penn Libraries recently joined the Japan-US Global ILL Framework (GIF) Project, facilitated by the North American Coordinating Council on Japanese Library Resources (NCC). Participation in the GIF Project will benefit both Penn and Japanese academic libraries by establishing ease of lending and document delivery and enabling closer collaboration and stronger reciprocal relationships between institutions.
Membership in the GIF Project will also allow faculty and students engaged in Japanese studies at Penn to obtain materials related to their research that previously required travel to Japan in person, thereby vastly increasing opportunities for specialized and advanced research at Penn.
The GIF Project is a reciprocal InterLibrary Loan (ILL) agreement between North American and Japanese academic libraries and research institutes to provide North American researchers with access to materials not available through normal ILL channels, and Japanese researchers access to materials not held in Japan. More than 160 Japanese libraries and 90 North American libraries participate in GIF.
From the GIF Project Web Site:
Beginning with document delivery only in August 2003 the GIF initiative expanded to Phase II, the lending of books. All GIF participants can request both photocopies (non-returnables) from an unlimited range of materials held by participating libraries and borrow books from participating Japanese institutions. As of Dec. 2012, 162 libraries participate from Japan and 89 libraries from North America participate in GIF project.